2015.09.13 Acts 28
Paul gets to Rome at last
Acts 28:1- 6 NKJV
1 Now when they had escaped, they then found out that the island was called Malta. 2 And the natives showed us unusual kindness; for they kindled a fire and made us all welcome, because of the rain that was falling and because of the cold. 3 But when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks and laid them on the fire, a viper came out because of the heat, and fastened on his hand. 4 So when the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they said to one another, “No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he has escaped the sea, yet justice does not allow to live.” 5 But he shook off the creature into the fire and suffered no harm. 6 However, they were expecting that he would swell up or suddenly fall down dead. But after they had looked for a long time and saw no harm come to him, they changed their minds and said that he was a god.
Acts 28:1- 6 slt 2000
1 Und als sie gerettet waren, da erfuhren sie, daß die Insel Melite hieß.
2 Die Einwohner aber erzeigten uns ungewöhnliche Freundlichkeit, denn sie zündeten ein Feuer an und holten uns alle herbei wegen des anhaltenden Regens und wegen der Kälte.
3 Als aber Paulus einen Haufen Reiser zusammenraffte und auf das Feuer legte, kam infolge der Hitze eine Otter heraus und biß ihn in die Hand.
4 Als aber die Einwohner das Tier an seiner Hand hängen sahen, sprachen sie zueinander: Gewiß ist dieser Mensch ein Mörder; er hat sich zwar aus dem Meer gerettet, doch die Rache1 läßt nicht zu, daß er lebt!
5 Er jedoch schleuderte das Tier ins Feuer, und ihm widerfuhr nichts Schlimmes.
6 Sie aber erwarteten, er werde anschwellen oder plötzlich tot niederfallen. Als sie aber lange warteten und sahen, daß ihm nichts Ungewöhnliches geschah, änderten sie ihre Meinung und sagten, er sei ein Gott.
1… They then found out that the island was called Malta… Malta means refuge…. What a perfect name for a harbor from the storm!
3a… When Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks…Paul gathered wood for the fire…. even though there were probably scores of people among the 276 passengers and crew far more suited for the job…. Paul's servant heart was always active…..
3b… A viper came out because of the heat, and fastened on his hand… Here is Paul…. He is certainly exhausted…. But he is right out there gathering wood for the fire….. Paul was being faithful to the LORD… He was a wonderful servant….. Out of the fire comes a viper…. A poisonous snake… The viper fastened on his hand….
Paul didn't let it bother him…. He didn't scream, "Why God? I can't take any more of this! Can't You see I'm serving You?" Paul's reaction was calm and full of faith in the Lord plan…. He simply shook off the creature into the fire….. The locals were amazed at the scene…
4…“No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he has escaped the sea, yet justice does not allow to live…The natives were convinced that justice had finally caught up with this prisoner…. Justice….
The concept of Justice implies the knowledge of good and evil…. These barbarians had an understanding of right and wrong…. … Even these barbarians know right from wrong…. They have a conscience… Romans 1…
The natives…. Know that Paul is a Roman prisoner….
They assume he has committed a great crime…. and they decide that justice will not permit Paul to escape unpunished….
5… And suffered no harm… God didn't save Paul from the storm just to let him die from a snakebite….. Paul is protected because the Lord has sent him on a mission… The Lord said that he would go to Rome to appear before Ceasar… Acts 23:11… and Paul wasn't at Rome yet…… It wasn't that nothing could stop Paul…. Rather it was…. that nothing would stop God's promise from being fulfilled…..
Paul relied upon God's past faithfulness…. He believed the Lord´s promise of blessing and protection…. So shook off the snake unharmed….
6… Said that he was a god… This is a typically human reaction…. For these natives Paul was a mystery… One minute…. he was terribly evil and justice was not going to let him live…. And the next moment they decide that he is a god… Naturally Paul was neither… He was a sinner saved by grace… And as we will see…. This storm has brought him to Malta for a special purpose…. Salvation and Healing for these barbarians…
Acts 28: 7-10 NKJV
7 In that region there was an estate of the leading citizen of the island, whose name was Publius, who received us and entertained us courteously for three days. 8 And it happened that the father of Publius lay sick of a fever and dysentery. Paul went in to him and prayed, and he laid his hands on him and healed him. 9 So when this was done, the rest of those on the island who had diseases also came and were healed. 10 They also honored us in many ways; and when we departed, they provided such things as were necessary.
Acts 28: 7-10 slt 2000
7 Aber in der Umgebung jenes Ortes hatte der Vornehmste der Insel, der Publius hieß, ein Landgut; dieser nahm uns auf und beherbergte uns drei Tage lang freundlich.
8 Es begab sich aber, daß der Vater des Publius am Fieber und an der Ruhr krank daniederlag. Paulus ging zu ihm hinein, betete und legte ihm die Hände auf und machte ihn gesund.
9 Nachdem dies nun geschehen war, kamen auch die übrigen Kranken auf der Insel herbei und ließen sich heilen.
10 Diese erwiesen uns auch viel Ehre und gaben uns bei der Abfahrt noch alles Nötige mit.
8… Sick of fever and dysentery… Some think that the sickness Publius' father had was a bad sickness known as Malta fever…. which comes from a microorganism found in the milk of Maltese goats…. It can last for 3 or 4 months…. It is sometimes fatal… He was in very bad shape… Well the Lord healed him by the hand of Paul…
9… The rest of those on the island who had diseases also came and were healed… The Lord confirmed Paul´s message with miracles…. Everyone on the island heard of Paul and most came to see him…
There was a revival on this island…. This revival on Malta is another reason why the Lord drove Paul´s ship 500 mile off course…. They spent the winter there… Paul´s shipwreck turned into a tremendous blessing for these Barbarians from the island of Malta…. Even when we don´t understand what´s going on in our lives…. As believers very often we see… Disaster turned into Blessing… And they got to be disciple all Winter long by Paul and Luke and Timothy…
10… They also honored us in many ways… The Lord touched the hearts of the people… They believed the Gospel that this man of God proclaimed… And they honored and blessed them on their Journey…
Acts 28: 11-15 NKJV
11 After three months we sailed in an Alexandrian ship whose figurehead was the Twin Brothers, which had wintered at the island. 12 And landing at Syracuse, we stayed three days. 13 From there we circled round and reached Rhegium. And after one day the south wind blew; and the next day we came to Puteoli,
14 where we found brethren, and were invited to stay with them seven days. And so we went toward Rome. 15 And from there, when the brethren heard about us, they came to meet us as far as Appii Forum and Three Inns. When Paul saw them, he thanked God and took courage.
Acts 28: 11-15 slt 2000
11 Nach drei Monaten aber fuhren wir ab auf einem Schiff von Alexandria, das auf der Insel überwintert hatte und das Zeichen der Dioskuren führte.
12 Und wir liefen in Syrakus ein und blieben drei Tage dort.
13 Und von dort segelten wir um die Küste herum und kamen nach Regium; und da nach einem Tag ein Südwind aufkam, gelangten wir am zweiten Tag nach Puteoli.
14 Dort fanden wir Brüder und wurden von ihnen gebeten, sieben Tage zu bleiben; und so machten wir uns auf den Weg nach Rom.
15 Und von dort kamen uns die Brüder, als sie von uns gehört hatten, entgegen bis nach Forum Appii und Tres Tabernae. Als Paulus sie sah, dankte er Gott und faßte Mut.
12… landing at Syracuse, we stayed three days.
Syracuse was a famous city in the ancient world… It was the capitol city of the island of Sicily…. They they traveled up along the coast…
13… we came to Puteoli… This was the main port for the grain ships from Alexandria to unload their cargo…. Remember that´s what Paul´s ship was…
14… And so we went toward Rome… Paul and the others are greeted outside Rome by Christians from Rome who have come to meet them…..
15… When the brethren heard about us, they came to meet us as far as the Appiian Forum and Three Inns… The Christians in Rome had received Paul's famous letter to them a few years before…. so they probably felt like they knew him already…… They honored him by greeting Paul just like the emperors were greeted when they arrived at Rome…. they went out to meet him as he came near the city…. traveling some 50 miles to do it!
Acts 28:16 NKJV slt 2000
16 Now when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard; but Paul was permitted to dwell by himself with the soldier who guarded him.
16 Als wir aber nach Rom kamen, übergab der Hauptmann die Gefangenen dem Obersten der Leibwache; Paulus aber wurde gestattet, für sich zu bleiben mit dem Soldaten, der ihn bewachte.
When Paul got to Rome… the city was already about 800 years old… At the time, Rome had a population of about two million…. one million slaves one million free citizens…
And so Paul begins to proclaim the Good news in Rome…. Everywhere Paul went he taught and discipled all who would listen… Paul also wrote letters to bless and encourage the church…. This prison time was a very Fruitful time for Paul´s ministry…. We continue to be blessed by His time in Rome…. During these 2 years… Paul wrote…. Ephesians and Colossians and Philippians….
Acts 28: 17-22 NKJV
17 And it came to pass after three days that Paul called the leaders of the Jews together. So when they had come together, he said to them: “Men and brethren, though I have done nothing against our people or the customs of our fathers, yet I was delivered as a prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans, 18 who, when they had examined me, wanted to let me go, because there was no cause for putting me to death. 19 But when the Jews spoke against it, I was compelled to appeal to Caesar, not that I had anything of which to accuse my nation. 20 For this reason therefore I have called for you, to see you and speak with you, because for the hope of Israel I am bound with this chain.”
21 Then they said to him, “We neither received letters from Judea concerning you, nor have any of the brethren who came reported or spoken any evil of you. 22 But we desire to hear from you what you think; for concerning this sect, we know that it is spoken against everywhere.”
Acts 28: 17-22 slt 2000
17 Es geschah aber nach drei Tagen, daß Paulus die Vornehmsten der Juden zusammenrief. Und als sie versammelt waren, sprach er zu ihnen: Ihr Männer und Brüder, obwohl ich nichts gegen das Volk oder die Gebräuche der Väter getan habe, bin ich von Jerusalem aus gefangen in die Hände der Römer ausgeliefert worden.
18 Diese wollten mich freilassen, nachdem sie mich verhört hatten, weil keine todeswürdige Schuld bei mir vorlag.
19 Da aber die Juden widersprachen, war ich genötigt, mich auf den Kaiser zu berufen; doch keinesfalls habe ich gegen mein Volk etwas zu klagen.
20 Aus diesem Grund also habe ich euch rufen lassen, um euch zu sehen und mit euch zu sprechen; denn um der Hoffnung Israels willen trage ich diese Kette!
21 Sie aber sprachen zu ihm: Wir haben weder Briefe deinetwegen aus Judäa empfangen, noch ist jemand von den Brüdern gekommen, der über dich etwas Böses berichtet oder gesagt hätte.
22 Wir wollen aber gerne von dir hören, was du für Ansichten hast; denn von dieser Sekte ist uns bekannt, daß ihr überall widersprochen wird!
17… Paul called the leaders of the Jews together… Paul followed his consistent practice of going to the Jews first in every city he came to as an evangelist.
21… We neither received letters from Judea concerning you, nor have any of the brethren who came reported or spoken any evil of you… Paul wanted to know what they had heard from Jerusalem about him….
Paul said he was there as a prisoner for the hope of Israel…. The Messiah... As the year 70 A.D. approached, time was running out….
Acts 28: 23,24 NKJV
23 So when they had appointed him a day, many came to him at his lodging, to whom he explained and solemnly testified of the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus from both the Law of Moses and the Prophets, from morning till evening. 24 And some were persuaded by the things which were spoken, and some disbelieved.
Acts 28: 23,24 slt 2000
23 Nachdem sie ihm nun einen Tag bestimmt hatten, kamen mehrere zu ihm in die Herberge. Diesen legte er vom Morgen bis zum Abend in einem ausführlichen Zeugnis das Reich Gottes dar und suchte sie zu überzeugen von dem, was Jesus betrifft, ausgehend von dem Gesetz Moses und von den Propheten.
24 Und die einen ließen sich von dem überzeugen, was er sagte, die anderen aber blieben ungläubig.
23… He explained and solemnly testified of the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus from both the Law of Moses and the Prophets, from morning till evening… What a great Bible study to have a tape of!.... Paul proclaimed the Good News of the kingdom of God…. He gave a careful sermon using the Old Testament to present the Lord Jesus…. He spoke from morning till evening….
What did Paul teach regarding the kingdom of God?
Paul taught exactly what Jesus taught… God was bringing a spiritual kingdom that would take root in men's hearts…. The Jews of Jesus' day and of Paul's day were looking for a political kingdom, not a spiritual kingdom….
24… And some were persuaded… and some disbelieved…. Some believed… and some refused to repent and believe… Believing the Gospel or refusing to believe is an issue of the heart…
Acts 28: 25-29 NKJV
25 So when they did not agree among themselves, they departed after Paul had said one word: “The Holy Spirit spoke rightly through Isaiah the prophet to our fathers, 26 saying, ‘Go to this people and say: “Hearing you will hear, and shall not understand; And seeing you will see, and not perceive;
27 For the hearts of this people have grown dull. Their ears are hard of hearing, And their eyes they have closed, Lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, Lest they should understand with their hearts and turn, So that I should heal them.”’
28 “Therefore let it be known to you that the salvation of God has been sent to the Gentiles, and they will hear it!” 29 And when he had said these words, the Jews departed and had a great dispute among themselves.
Acts 28: 25-29 slt 2000
25 Da sie sich aber nicht einigen konnten, trennten sie sich, nachdem Paulus das eine Wort gesagt hatte: Trefflich hat der Heilige Geist durch den Propheten Jesaja zu unseren Vätern geredet,
26 als er sprach: »Geh hin zu diesem Volk und sprich: Mit den Ohren werdet ihr hören und nicht verstehen, und mit den Augen werdet ihr sehen und nicht erkennen!
27 Denn das Herz dieses Volkes ist verstockt, und mit den Ohren hören sie schwer, und ihre Augen haben sie verschlossen, daß sie nicht etwa mit den Augen sehen und mit den Ohren hören und mit dem Herzen verstehen und sich bekehren und ich sie heile.«5
28 So sollt ihr nun wissen, daß das Heil Gottes zu den Heiden gesandt ist; und sie werden auch hören!
29 Und als er das gesagt hatte, gingen die Juden weg und hatten viel Wortwechsel miteinander.
25… When they did not agree among themselves, they departed after Paul had said one word… "The Holy Spirit spoke rightly through Isaiah the prophet to our fathers." Paul understood that Isaiah prophesied of the hardness of heart these people would have…. Certainly, Paul was glad that some received the gospel….
26… Hearing you shall hear and not understand…. Isaiah 6: 9,10…. This text is quoted 7 times in the Bible…
Essentially, Isaiah is saying…."If you reject Jesus, you can hear, but never understand…. you can see but never perceive…. You heart is hard…. your ears are closed…. and your eyes shut…. because you really don't want to turn to God and be forgiven of your sin… This message is just as true today as it was when Isaiah first said it…
Paul pleads for men to receive Jesus… Paul grieves about those who reject the Gospel… Judgment is certain… repent the Kingdom of Heaven is a hand…
The Proclamation of the gospel really produces two different effects…. To those who respond to the gospel with faith… It is a message of life….. But to those who reject Jesus…. the Hearing of the Gospel adds to their condemnation…. Because they have heard the Good News… and refused to respond to the truth… To the one we are the aroma of death to death…. and to the other the aroma of life to life…. 2 Corinthians 2:16…
29… When he had said these words, the Jews departed… God's judgment was coming…. and Paul´s heart was broken for his fellow Jews who rejected the Lord Jesus…
Acts 28: 30,31 NKJV slt 2000
30 Then Paul dwelt two whole years in his own rented house, and received all who came to him,
31 preaching the kingdom of God and teaching the things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ with all confidence, no one forbidding him.
30 Paulus aber blieb zwei Jahre in einer eigenen Mietwohnung und nahm alle auf, die zu ihm kamen;
31 und er verkündigte das Reich Gottes und lehrte von dem Herrn Jesus Christus mit aller Freimütigkeit und ungehindert.
Why did Paul get stuck at Rome for two years? There are many reasons… but three big reasons are the letters to the Ephesians, the Philippians, and the Colossians…. God didn't waste Paul's time in Rome…. God never wastes our time either… though we may not understand God's purpose for our lives at the moment…. Paul was unstoppable…. He was determined to run his race to the end…
No wonder he was able to boldly say… Follow me as I follow Christ…
30… Received all who came to him… Many came to see him… One example was a convert of Paul's…. a runaway slave named Onesimus (Philemon 10)….. Paul sent him back to his master Philemon!
Paul had his appearance before Caesar Nero…. and there is also no doubt that he boldly and powerfully proclaimed the gospel to him…. as God had promised he would… Acts 9:15; 23:11…
31… No one forbidding him…. This has the idea of being completely unhindered from proclaiming the Gospel… Paul's chains and custody mattered nothing….. The proclamation of the Word of God was unhindered….
Paul was acquitted of these charges… Finally, even the unbelief of the Jews - or anyone else's rejection of Jesus - will not hinder the gospel…. The gospel will go forth…. And some will believe…
Paul enjoyed a few more years of liberty before he was arrested again… Later Paul was arrested and imprisoned again…This time… He was condemned to death… He was executed in Rome at the command of Nero… By this time Nero had gone from being cautious and annoyed by Christians… To being determined to kill them all… Paul ran his race…. And to the very end…. He loved and served and Honored the Lord with his every breath….. He proclaimed the Good News everywhere he went…. He disciple and encouraged the believers…. He prepared the generation of pastors and elders to carry on the work of the Gospel…. He did it by preaching the Gospel fearlessly…. He led by example…. Loving and serving and laying down his life for the lord Jesus… What an example he is to us today… Turn with me to Phil 1…v3… Listen to Paul´s love and prayer for the believers…
Philippians 1: 3- 11 NKJV
3 I thank my God upon every remembrance of you, 4 always in every prayer of mine making request for you all with joy, 5 for your fellowship in the gospel from the first day until now, 6 being confident of this very thing, that He who has begun a good work in you will complete it until the day of Jesus Christ; 7 just as it is right for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart, inasmuch as both in my chains and in the defense and confirmation of the gospel, you all are partakers with me of grace. 8 For God is my witness, how greatly I long for you all with the affection of Jesus Christ.
9 And this I pray, that your love may abound still more and more in knowledge and all discernment, 10 that you may approve the things that are excellent, that you may be sincere and without offense till the day of Christ, 11 being filled with the fruits of righteousness which are by Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God.
Philippians 1: 3- 11 slt 2000
3 Ich danke meinem Gott, sooft ich euer gedenke -
4 was ich allezeit tue in allen meinen Gebeten für euch alle, und ich tue das Gebet mit Freuden -,
5 für eure Gemeinschaft am Evangelium vom ersten Tage an bis heute;
6 und ich bin darin guter Zuversicht, dass der in euch angefangen hat das gute Werk, der wird's auch vollenden bis an den Tag Christi Jesu.
7 Wie es denn recht und billig ist, dass ich so von euch allen denke, weil ich euch in meinem Herzen habe, die ihr alle mit mir an der Gnade teilhabt in meiner Gefangenschaft und wenn ich das Evangelium verteidige und bekräftige.
8 Denn Gott ist mein Zeuge, wie mich nach euch allen verlangt von Herzensgrund in Christus Jesus.
9 Und ich bete darum, dass eure Liebe immer noch reicher werde an Erkenntnis und aller Erfahrung,
10 sodass ihr prüfen könnt, was das Beste sei, damit ihr lauter und unanstößig seid für den Tag Christi,
11 erfüllt mit Frucht der Gerechtigkeit durch Jesus Christus zur Ehre und zum Lobe Gottes.
There is no end to the story of the birth of the church… The Word of God continues to spread… Hearts and lives are transformed…. All of it for the glory of God….
Because this same story is repeated again and again throughout the history of the church…. Men and women who have been saved and transformed by the Gospel…. Trusting in Jesus continue to proclaim the Good News to a lost and dying generation.…. Glorifying the Lord Jesus with their lives… Making disciples… Running their race… for the Glory and praise of our great God…